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Data server object:  CN_2014




  
    Carbon and nitrogen content of E. huxleyi at 3 pCO2 levels, 2011-2012 (E Hux Response to pCO2 project)
    
  
  
    
    

Carbon and nitrogen content of E. huxleyi at 3 pCO2 levels, 2011-2012 (E Hux Response to pCO2 project)

Website: https://www.bco-dmo.org/dataset/521403
Data Type: experimental
Version: 2
Version Date: 2016-12-13

Project
» Planktonic interactions in a changing ocean: Biological responses of Emiliania huxleyi to elevated pCO2 and their effects on microzooplankton (E Hux Response to pCO2)
ContributorsAffiliationRole
Olson, Brady M.Western Washington University - Shannon Point Marine Center (SPMC)Principal Investigator, Contact
Love, BrookeWestern Washington University (WWU)Co-Principal Investigator
Strom, SuzanneWestern Washington University - Shannon Point Marine Center (SPMC)Co-Principal Investigator
Wuori, TristenWestern Washington University - Shannon Point Marine Center (SPMC)Student
Copley, NancyWoods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI BCO-DMO)BCO-DMO Data Manager


Dataset Description

These data are not yet available because they are part of a graduate thesis.  Please contact the PI for further information.

These data show cellular characterizations of two strains of Emiliania huxleyi cultured semi-continuously over a period 13-14 days under three different pCO2 concentrations (400 ppmv, 750 ppmv, and 1000 ppmv). Cellular characterization measurements were taken throughout the course of the experiments, resulting in a time course data set.  CO2 chemistry was also monitored over the course of the experiment. Cellular characterizations included here:cellular particulate organic carbon and nitrogen, cellular particulate inorganic carbon.

Emiliania huxleyi strains:
Strain NCMA 2668, calcifying phenotype, isolated from Gulf of Maine 2002
Strain NCMA 374, non-calcifying phenotype, isolated from Gulf of Maine 1990

Related Datasets:
Emiliania huxleyi Chl-a, POC, cell volumes
Emiliania huxleyi dilution calculations
Emiliania huxleyi DMSP
Emiliania huxleyi growth rates

Relevant References:
Wuori, Tristen, "The effects of elevated PCO2 on the physiology of Emiliania huxleyi" (2012). Western Washington University Masters Thesis Collection. Paper 235. (pdf)


Acquisition Description

Culturing conditions:
Cultures of E. huxleyi StrainNCMA 2668 and 374 were inoculated at low cell density into media prepared from autoclaved filtered seawater with f/50 nutrient amendment.  Cell populations were allowed to acclimate for approximately five generations, until cell density neared levels likely to significantly change the pH/pCO2.  Daily dilutions of cultures with pre-equilibrated media kept cell density low (<1x105 cells/ml), ensured cells remained in exponential growth phase and prevented excessive drawdown of nutrients and CO2.  Cell density was determined by flow cytometry (model described below) and each flask was diluted with media that was continuously sparged with air containing 400, 750 or 1000 ppm CO2.  Air mixtures were created using CO2 free air (Powerex air compressor, and Twin Towers CO2 scrubber) and pure CO2 (Airgas) combined using a system of mass flow controllers (Sierra Instruments) and verified using a non-dispersive infrared CO2 sensor (Licor 820).  Cultures were maintained in 1-liter polycarbonate flasks at 15 degC under a 12/12 light dark cycle.  Replicates (n=5) were placed in Plexiglas chambers which were supplied with a flow of the appropriate air mixture for each treatment.  Preliminary experiments showed that gas exchange across the air/water surface significantly helped to maintain the target pCO2 in cultures without the mechanical disturbance of bubbling.  Sedimentation was minimized by gentle mixing of the cultures by rotation of the bottles twice a day, during sampling and dilution.  Cell densities ranged between about 30,000 cells/ml after dilutions to 80,000 cells/ml on the following day.  The culture volume that was removed was used for analyses, and replaced with pre-equilibrated media.  Cultures were maintained in this fashion for 14 days.  This experiment was carried out twice, in 2011 and 2012. 

Cellular carbon and nitrogen:
Samples for cellular particulate carbon and nitrogen were analyzed using a CE Elantech Flash EA 1112 elemental analyzer.  In all, analysis blanks were run, and internal standards were inserted between samples, and remained within 1% of standard curve.  For the calcifying strain (2668), samples were acid fumed for 24 h to drive off PIC.  Values of organic carbon were subtracted from total carbon to yield cellular particulate inorganic carbon.


Processing Description

BCO-DMO Processing Notes:
- added conventional header with dataset name, PI name, version date
- modified parameter names to conform with BCO-DMO naming conventions
- changed ND to nd, no data


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Parameters

ParameterDescriptionUnits
Ehuxleyi_strainE. huxleyi strain number unitless
culture_dayDays of semi-continuous culture days
treatmentCO2 treatment unitless
sample_repSample date and replicate unitless
total_C_cell_pgTotal carbon per cell in picograms picogram/cell
POC_cell_pgParticulate organic carbon per cell in picograms picogram/cell
PIC_cell_pgParticulate inorganic carbon per cell in picograms picogram/cell
N_cell_pgNitrogen per cell in picograms picogram/cell


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Instruments

Dataset-specific Instrument Name
Fluorometer
Generic Instrument Name
Fluorometer
Dataset-specific Description
Turner Designs 10-AU fluorometer
Generic Instrument Description
A fluorometer or fluorimeter is a device used to measure parameters of fluorescence: its intensity and wavelength distribution of emission spectrum after excitation by a certain spectrum of light. The instrument is designed to measure the amount of stimulated electromagnetic radiation produced by pulses of electromagnetic radiation emitted into a water sample or in situ.

Dataset-specific Instrument Name
CHN_EA
Generic Instrument Name
CHN Elemental Analyzer
Dataset-specific Description
CE Elantech Flash EA 1112 elemental analyzer
Generic Instrument Description
A CHN Elemental Analyzer is used for the determination of carbon, hydrogen, and nitrogen content in organic and other types of materials, including solids, liquids, volatile, and viscous samples.

Dataset-specific Instrument Name
Flow Cytometer
Generic Instrument Name
Flow Cytometer
Dataset-specific Description
BD FACSCalibur flow cytometer
Generic Instrument Description
Flow cytometers (FC or FCM) are automated instruments that quantitate properties of single cells, one cell at a time. They can measure cell size, cell granularity, the amounts of cell components such as total DNA, newly synthesized DNA, gene expression as the amount messenger RNA for a particular gene, amounts of specific surface receptors, amounts of intracellular proteins, or transient signalling events in living cells. (from: http://www.bio.umass.edu/micro/immunology/facs542/facswhat.htm)

Dataset-specific Instrument Name
Gas Chromatograph
Generic Instrument Name
Gas Chromatograph
Dataset-specific Description
Shimadzu GC-14A gas chromatograph
Generic Instrument Description
Instrument separating gases, volatile substances, or substances dissolved in a volatile solvent by transporting an inert gas through a column packed with a sorbent to a detector for assay. (from SeaDataNet, BODC)

Dataset-specific Instrument Name
Automatic titrator
Generic Instrument Name
Automatic titrator
Dataset-specific Description
Metrohm 888 Titrando with a Metrohm Ecotrode combined electrode, calibrated with TRIS and AMP buffers on the total H+ ion pH scale.
Generic Instrument Description
Instruments that incrementally add quantified aliquots of a reagent to a sample until the end-point of a chemical reaction is reached.

Dataset-specific Instrument Name
spectrophotometer
Generic Instrument Name
Spectrophotometer
Dataset-specific Description
Agilent 5480 UV-VIS spectrophotometer (+/- 0.02)
Generic Instrument Description
An instrument used to measure the relative absorption of electromagnetic radiation of different wavelengths in the near infra-red, visible and ultraviolet wavebands by samples.

Dataset-specific Instrument Name
compound microscope
Generic Instrument Name
Microscope-Optical
Dataset-specific Description
Olympus CH30 compound microscope networked to a Photometric CoolSNAP camera
Generic Instrument Description
Instruments that generate enlarged images of samples using the phenomena of reflection and absorption of visible light. Includes conventional and inverted instruments. Also called a "light microscope".

Dataset-specific Instrument Name
MFC
Generic Instrument Name
Mass Flow Controller
Dataset-specific Description
Sierra Instruments
Generic Instrument Description
Mass Flow Controller (MFC) - A device used to measure and control the flow of fluids and gases

Dataset-specific Instrument Name
CO2 Analyzer
Generic Instrument Name
CO2 Analyzer
Dataset-specific Description
Licor 820: a non-dispersive infrared CO2 sensor
Generic Instrument Description
Measures atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) concentration.


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Deployments

Lab_Olson_B

Website
Platform
WWU
Start Date
2011-03-31
End Date
2016-09-15
Description
laboratory experiments


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Project Information

Planktonic interactions in a changing ocean: Biological responses of Emiliania huxleyi to elevated pCO2 and their effects on microzooplankton (E Hux Response to pCO2)


Description from NSF award abstract: The calcifying Haptophyte Emiliania huxleyi appears to be acutely sensitive to the rising concentration of ocean pCO2. Documented responses by E. huxleyi to elevated pCO2 include modifications to their calcification rate and cell size, malformation of coccoliths, elevated growth rates, increased organic carbon production, lowering of PIC:POC ratios, and elevated production of the active climate gas DMS. Changes in these parameters are mechanisms known to elicit alterations in grazing behavior by microzooplankton, the oceans dominant grazer functional group. The investigators hypothesize that modifications to the physiology and biochemistry of calcifying and non-calcifying Haptophyte Emiliania huxleyi in response to elevated pCO2 will precipitate alterations in microzooplankton grazing dynamics. To test this hypothesis, they will conduct controlled laboratory experiments where several strains of E. huxleyi are grown at several CO2 concentrations. After careful characterization of the biochemical and physiological responses of the E. huxleyi strains to elevated pCO2, they will provide these strains as food to several ecologically-important microzooplankton and document grazing dynamics. E. huxleyi is an ideal organism for the study of phytoplankton and microzooplankton responses to rising anthropogenic CO2, the effects of which in the marine environment are called ocean acidification; E. huxleyi is biogeochemically important, is well studied, numerous strains are in culture that exhibit variation in the parameters described above, and they are readily fed upon by ecologically important microzooplankton. The implications of changes in microzooplankton grazing for carbon cycling, specifically CaCO3 export, DMS production, nutrient regeneration in surface waters, and carbon transfer between trophic levels are profound, as this grazing, to a large degree, regulates all these processes. E. huxleyi is a model prey organism because it is one of the most biogeochemically influential global phytoplankton. It forms massive seasonal blooms, contributes significantly to marine inorganic and organic carbon cycles, is a large producer of the climatically active gas DMS, and is a source of organic matter for trophic levels both above and below itself. The planned controlled study will increase our knowledge of the mechanisms that drive patterns of change between trophic levels, thus providing a wider array of tools necessary to understand the complex nature of ocean acidification field studies, where competing variables can confound precise interpretation.


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Funding

Funding SourceAward
NSF Division of Ocean Sciences (NSF OCE)

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This document is created by info v 4.1f 5 Oct 2018 from the content of the BCO-DMO metadata database.    2020-02-18  13:47:44