|Sotka, Erik||Grice Marine Laboratory - College of Charleston (GML-CoC)||Principal Investigator, Contact|
|Murren, Courtney||College of Charleston (CofC)||Co-Principal Investigator|
|Strand, Allan||Grice Marine Laboratory - College of Charleston (GML-CoC)||Co-Principal Investigator|
|Ake, Hannah||Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI BCO-DMO)||BCO-DMO Data Manager|
Feeding rates on and nutritional content of non-native alga.
These data are described in detail in Bippus et al. 2018. We offered tissue from a total of 700 Gracilaria vermiculophylla thalli from 14 native Japanese and 25 non-native sites to a North American population of the generalist amphipod Ampithoe valida. Assays were conducted from May to October 2015. Two 4 cm G. vermiculophylla apices were excised from a single thallus and placed into separate 250 mL plastic cups (30 × 24 × 18 cm). Apices were then allowed to relax for 24 h before beginning the assay to eliminate any inductive effects from excision. In one cup, we placed one amphipod, while the 2nd cup held an apex without an amphipod to account for autogenic changes in mass. Each tip was blotted dry and weighed before and after each assay. To measure dry mass, autogenic control tips were individually placed in pre-weighed foil packets in a drying oven at 65 °C. We assayed between 14 and 20 thalli per population. Assays ran for 24 h in the dark at room temperature. Consumption rates (measured as dry mass) per amphipod were standardized by amphipod length.
BCO-DMO Data Processing Notes:
-Changed NA to nd
-Reformatted column names to comply with BCO-DMO standards
|Control_Initial_Weight_mg||Initial weight of control||milligrams|
|Control_Final_Weight_mg||Final weight of control||milligrams|
|Control_Amphipod_Size_mm||Amphipod size of control||millimeters|
|No_Choice_Initial_Weight_mg||Initial weight of amphipod with no choice of food||milligrams|
|No_Choice_Final_Weight_mg||Final weight of amphipod with no choice in food||milligrams|
|No_Choice_Amphipod_Size_mm||Amphipod size of individual with no choice in food||millimeters|
|trt_ctrl_ratio||Ratio of treatment to autogenic control||unitless|
|mg_wm_corr||Wet mass corrected for amphipod length||milligrams|
|dm_wm_ratio||Amount of drymass to wetmass ratio||milligrams|
|afdm_wm_ratio||Amount of ash-free-dry-mass to wetmass ratio||miigrams|
Description from NSF award abstract:
Biological introductions, defined as the establishment of species in geographic regions outside the reach of their natural dispersal mechanisms, have dramatically increased in frequency during the 20th century and are now altering community structure and ecosystem function of virtually all marine habitats. To date, studies on marine invasions focus principally on demographic and ecological processes, and the importance of evolutionary processes has been rarely tested. This knowledge gap has implications for management policies, which attempt to prevent biological introductions and mitigate their impacts. The Asian seaweed Gracilaria vermiculophylla has been introduced to every continental margin in the Northern Hemisphere, and preliminary data indicate that non-native populations are both more resistant to heat stress and resistant to snail herbivory. The project will integrate population genetics, field survey and common-garden laboratory experiments to comprehensively address the role of rapid evolutionary adaptation in the invasion success of this seaweed. Specifically, the PIs will answer the following. What is the consequence of introductions on seaweed demography and mating systems? How many successful introductions have occurred in North America and Europe? Where did introduced propagules originate? Do native, native-source and non-native locations differ in environmental conditions? Do native, native-source and non-native populations differ in phenotype?
The intellectual merit of this project is based on three gaps in the literature. First, while biological invasions are widely recognized as a major component of global change, there are surprisingly few studies that compare native and non-native populations in their biology or ecology. Native and non-native populations will be surveyed in a similar manner, allowing assessment of differences in population dynamics, mating system, epifaunal and epiphytic communities, and the surrounding abiotic and biotic environment. Second, G. vermiculophylla exhibits a life cycle typical of other invasive species (including some benthic invertebrates), yet we still lack data on the effects of decoupling the haploid and diploid stages on genetic structure, and in turn, on the evolvability of their populations. Finally, this project will provide unequivocal evidence of an adaptive shift in a marine invasive. To our knowledge, such evolutionary change has been described previously for only a complex of marine copepod species. G. vermiculophylla will serve as a model for understanding evolution in other nuisance invasions, and perhaps lead to novel methods to counter future invasions or their spread.
This document is created by info v 4.1f 5 Oct 2018 from the content of the BCO-DMO metadata database. 2021-04-10 16:14:37